Theory of Knowledge - TOK
TOK - together with CAS and the extended essay - belongs to the core of the IB programme and is considered to be very important within the diploma syllabus. Nevertheless it might be the one subject you feel least familiar with. This is maybe due to the fact that TOK is actually not a real subject like Maths or Chemistry but it is a subject where you think and discuss about the methods and the content of other subjects like Maths, Chemistry, History etc.
We use the word 'to know' very often in our everyday language but if we are asked to exactly define what it means if I say 'I know that 1 plus 1 is 2' or 'I know that Julius Caesar lived in ancient Rome' it gets all of a sudden very tricky to explain what we really want to say with these statements. In TOK we are exploring exactly questions like these: What do we want to say if we use the word 'to know'? Is knowledge in Maths the same knowledge as in History? Are there overall standards for knowledge or are there different truths for different subjects? What do we accept as proof? Is something that a mathematician accepts as proof similar to the things a historian accepts as proof? If the things accepted as proof are different, are those two areas of knowledge talking about different truths? Can there be more than one truth? Is History even a science if it cannot supply you with the same unshakeable logical proofs as natural sciences seemingly can?
All in all; TOK is therefore a subject that thinks about how we think and what we believe and should help you to get closer to becoming an open-minded, internationally oriented person.